The agreement applies to Japan from 1 January 2007: in general, international tax treaties contain the following definitions and rules, but are not exhaustive: a tax treaty can significantly change a company`s exposure to Japanese taxation. Many criteria can be modified by a tax agreement, particularly in the case of the qualification of a permanent establishment. For a European SME wishing to do business in Japan, it is therefore important to review the content of the Treaty. Most EU Member States have signed a bilateral tax treaty with Japan to avoid double taxation, prevent tax evasion and avoidance and promote investment and economic trade. The Department of Finance regularly reports on the status of tax treaty negotiations. == 682-While the attached Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation of Income has been ratified between the Government of India and the Government of Japan and the instruments of ratification have been exchanged, as required by Article XVI of the said Convention, Japan has concluded social security agreements with several countries. Agreements are currently in force on 30 June 2020 with Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Korea, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the Philippines, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. Agreements have been signed with Finland, Italy and Sweden and are being implemented. (Note 2) Breakdown of the number of conventions, etc. and the jurisdictions are:・ Tax treaties (a convention aimed primarily at eliminating double taxation and preventing tax evasion and avoidance); 65 conventions applicable to 74 decisions.・ Agreement on the exchange of tax information (an agreement that applies mainly to the exchange of information in tax matters); 11 conventions applicable to 11 jurisdictions (these jurisdictions are indicated above (*)).・ Convention on Mutual Assistance in Tax Matters; Entry into force of 109 jurisdictions (excluding Japan) (these jurisdictions are highlighted above) and apply to 127 jurisdictions due to the extension of the application of the Convention (the jurisdictions to which the Convention is extended are underlined above by pointed lines). . .