Gatt Agreement In Hindi

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), signed on 30 October 1947 by 23 countries, was a legal agreement to minimize barriers to international trade by eliminating or reducing quotas, tariffs and subsidies, while maintaining important rules. The GATT is expected to stimulate economic recovery after the Second World War through the reconstruction and liberalization of world trade. The GATT came into force on January 1, 1948. From the beginning, it was refined, which eventually led to the creation, on 1 January 1995, of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which absorbed and expanded it. To date, 125 nations signed its agreements, which covered about 90% of world trade. The GATT was created to create rules to end or limit the most costly and undesirable features of the pre-war period, namely quantitative barriers to trade such as trade controls and quotas. The agreement also provided for a system for resolving trade disputes between nations and the framework allowed for a series of multilateral negotiations on the removal of customs barriers. The GATT was considered a major success in the post-war years. विश्व व्यापार संगठन की स्थापना के समय जो समझौते हुए उन्हें “विश्व व्यापार संगठन का एजेंडा” कहा जाता है. इन समझौतों में विकसित देशों ने यह वादा किया था कि वे कृषि को दी जाने वाली अपनी सब्सिडी में भारी कमी करेंगे और विकासशील देश अपने कृषि उत्पादों को विकसित देशों में बेच पायेंगे.

भारत सरकार द्वारा भी यह प्रचारित किया था कि भारत के फल-फूल-सब्जियाँ और अन्यान्य नकदी फसलें विदेशों में बेचकर भारत के किसानों को भारी फायदा होगा. लेकिन पिछले 20 से अधिक वर्षों का अनुभव यह बताता है कि भारत के किसानों को विश्व व्यापार संगठन से कोई अधिक लाभ नहीं हुआ है.